Oliver Cromwell Timeline

Early Life

25 Apr 1599Born Huntingdon
1616Enters Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge University
June 1617Oliver Cromwell's father dies; Cromwell leaves University to return to Huntingdon

Early Adult Life

22 Aug 1620Marries Elizabeth Bourchier at St. Giles, Cripplegate, London
1628Elected Member of Parliament for Huntingdon
1629Charles I decides to rule without calling an English parliament, beginning an 11 year period of Personal Rule
1640Personal rule collapse and Cromwell re-enters parliament as MP for Cambridge

English Civil War Years

1642Start of the English Civil War
1642Cromwell joins the side of the Parliamentarians (or "Roundheads"), raises a troop of cavalry in Huntingdon
23 Oct 1642Battle of Edgehill
1643Appointed to the post of Colonel in the Eastern Association Army
30 Jun 1643Battle of Adwalton Moor
13 Jul 1643Battle of Roundaway Down
20 Sep 1643First Battle of Newbury
1644Promoted to the post of Lieutenant-General of the Eastern Association Army
02 Jul 1644Battle of Marston Moor
27 Oct 1644Second Battle of Newbury
06 Jan 1645The New Model Army is created, under the leadership of Commander-in-Chief Sir Thomas Fairfax
1645Cromwell is appointed to the post of Lieutenant-General of the New Model Army
14 Jun 1645Battle of Naseby
Jul 1645Cromwell takes over command of Bartholomew Vermuyden's Regiment after Vermuyden resigns
1647Having failed to reconcile King Charles I, Parliament and the army, Cromwell supports the Parliamentary army in clashes with Parliament
1648Crushes Royalist rising in South Wales
18 Aug 1648Battle of Preston (Cromwell's army defeat the Royalists)
1648Cromwell pushes for the trial of Charles I, for treason
Jan 1649Cromwell becomes one of the signatories of the king's death warrant
30 Jan 1649Charles I is executed
Jan 1649The monarchy is replaced by the Council of State of the Commonwealth
Aug 1649Leads an army sent to crush Ireland, defeating the Confederate and Royalist coalition and occupying the country, ending the Irish Confederate Wars
Jun 1650Cromwell is appointed Captain-General of the Commonwealth
Jul 1650Leads an army sent to crush Scotland
03 Sep 1650Battle of Dunbar
03 Sep 1651Battle of Worcester
20 Apr 1653Dissolves the Rump Parliament by force, setting up the short-lived Barebone's Parliament

Lord Protector

16 Dec 1653Cromwell is invited by his fellow leaders to become Lord Protector of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland
1654Sends the navy to the West Indies which seized Jamaica
Sep 1654Meets first Protectorate Parliament
May 1655England begins to be divided into separate groups of counties, under the command of individual Major-Generals
Sep 1656Meets the second Protectorate Parliament
1657System of the Major-Generals is ended
Mar - Jun 1657Rejects Parliament's offer of the crown and remains Lord Protector
03 Sep 1658Cromwell dies at Whitehall, having succombed to a malarial desease, and to septicaemia caused by a kidney-stone induced urinary infection
03 Sep 1658Cromwell's son Richard succeeds him as Lord Protector
Nov 1658Cromwell receives a ceremonial state funeral at Westminster Abbey
May 1659Richard Cromwell is forced to resign his post
1660The monarchy is restored to England under the rule of Charles II
30 Jan 1661The Royalists exhume Cromwell's body and and posthumously 'execute' him, hanging his body in chains and beheading his corpse
1661Cromwell's body is buried at Tyburn (now Marble Arch)

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